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The Discovery of the Baldwin Apple

Louis Linscott_ Discovery of the Baldwin Apple-Glennon Archives_RagRockGallery

“Colonel Loami Baldwin, Chief Engineer in building the Middlesex Canal, lived in the northern part of Woburn, near the canal in a yellow colonial style mansion. He owned a piece of woodland in the southwestern part of Wilmington, near what was then known was Butter’s Ridge, from which he cut his firewood.

He came to an apple tree, somewhat young , but thrifty and bearing, which the woodpeckers had pecked around the body and lower limbs so unmercifully that he feared it would die.  

As he was an ardent lover of good fruit, he concluded to “spare that tree,” and see what its fruit [would be]. The next autumn he found lying on the ground beneath the same [tree], very nice-looking winter apples, which he put in his cellar. 

The next spring, having friends from Boston to dine, he brought forward the “Pecker” apples, as he called them, to try the quality for the first time, when they were found to be so far superior to nay they had ever tasted before, that he went immediately, cut some scions, and engrafted some on his trees at home.

Being High Sheriff, he attended the court at Concord and Cambridge, often taking some of his favorite apples to eat after dinner, and giving  to his fellow boarders. Thus from this tree were scions cut, and the fruit is now known almost over the United States as the Baldwin apple.”


Louis Linscott_ Discovery of the Baldwin Apple Glennon Archives Woburn Public Library


  • Biographical research results extracted from a Glennon Archive research request on the Baldwin apple, file name “Baldwin Apple – Genealogy / Biographical Materials.”
  • “The Baldwin Genealogy,” by Charles Candee Baldwin, Cleveland, Ohio 1881, page 628, quote from the Boston Daily  News , Jan  23 1875


  • “Discovery of the Baldwin Apple,” black and white ink drawing by Louis Linscott, Dexter B. Johnson Collection , Glennon Archives, Woburn Public Library
  • Digital collage design by Patricia Jacques; art elements from